The quality of a metal laser cutting machine mainly depends on its cutting quality, because it will have an impact on downstream processes such as welding or painting, and the cutting quality is a direct way to check the quality of the equipment. For new customers, they will require proofing first when purchasing equipment. During the proofing process, customers not only pay attention to the cutting speed of the equipment, but also pay more attention to the cutting quality of the sample. So how to judge the cutting quality? What aspects should be paid attention to?
Roughness not only affects the appearance of the edge, but also the friction characteristics. In most cases, the lower the roughness, the higher the quality of the cut. Metal laser cutting machine is a high-quality, high-efficiency processing tool. When a laser beam is applied to a metal plate, vertical lines are formed. The deeper the grain, the rougher the section surface. When the power of the cutting machine matches the thickness of the plate, there will be no streaks or brittle fractures on the cut section. For metal plates with a plate thickness of 20 mm, cutting with a laser cutting machine is a high-quality, high-efficiency, and low-cost processing method. Since the greater the power of the laser cutting machine, the thinner the thickness of the plate and the faster the cutting speed, the purpose of shortening the processing cycle and reducing costs can be achieved by improving the cutting quality. Pay attention to the edge quality when the laser cutting machine is used to cut thick plates: first, when cutting steel plates with a thickness of more than 30 mm, high-power laser models should be selected to avoid edge burrs; secondly, when the thickness of the metal plate is less than 30 mm (especially when the thickness of the plate is below 20 mm), due to the small cutting thickness, the ideal effect can be achieved by using conventional laser technology;
Generally speaking, the cutting width will not affect the cutting quality. However, the cutting width has a major influence when forming particularly precise contours inside parts. This is because the cutting width determines the minimum inside diameter of the profile. When the thickness of the sheet increases, the cutting width also increases. Therefore, in order to ensure high precision, no matter how large the incision width is, the workpiece in the fiber laser cutting machining area should remain unchanged. Cut width depends on material thickness. However, if the sheet thickness increases to a certain extent, the laser cutting width will also increase, mainly due to the higher energy requirements of the laser with higher power density. It is usually cut with a fiber laser with a diameter of 0.85 mm to 1.5 mm. For example, for the processing of thick plates such as high-density boards and aluminum profiles, the laser cutting machine usually uses a 1.55-meter fiber laser cutting machine for cutting. Therefore, when selecting a laser, the size and power of the laser can be determined according to the material and the size of the processed parts.
If the sheet thickness exceeds 10mm, the perpendicularity of the cutting edge is very important. As you move away from the focal point, the laser beam diverges and, depending on where the focal point is, the kerf widens toward the top or bottom. The cutting edge will deviate from the vertical by a few hundredths of a millimeter. The more vertical the edge, the better the quality of the cut. If it is not vertical, the cutting quality will be greatly reduced, such as uneven or rough edges. When cutting thick metal, if the cutting edge is too thin it will result in poor cutting quality, or even no cutting edge. In order to obtain high-quality cutting results, please choose equipment with better verticality, and cutting obliqueness will also affect the effect and productivity.
The heat-affected zone is the depth of the area where the internal structure changes. In laser cutting, the area near the slit is heated and the structure of the metal changes. For example, some metals may harden. Smaller areas protect the integrity of the metal and affect the viability of other processes such as welding and tapping.
Before the laser cutting machine starts to melt and perforate, it will spray a layer of special oily liquid on the surface of the workpiece. During the cutting process, the customer uses wind blowing to remove the cut, because of vaporization and various materials, but upward or downward discharge will also be on the surface deposits are formed.
If the cut causes the part to heat up rapidly, it can deform. This is especially important in fine machining, since contours and connections are often only a few millimeters wide. Controlling laser power and using short laser pulses can reduce part heating and avoid deformation.
The performance stability of metal cutting laser CNC machine tools is directly related to the later use effect. Therefore, when purchasing laser equipment, pay attention to long-term performance and service life. Before purchasing sheet metal cutting machines, Baiwei Laser provides customers with free laser cutting sample proofing services. Our cutting products are at the industry-leading level in terms of roughness, perpendicularity, burrs, lines, etc. Cutting quality is guaranteed. Customers can shop with confidence.
When cutting thick plates at high speeds, the molten metal does not appear in the kerf below the vertical laser beam, but is ejected at the end of the laser beam. As a result, curves are formed at the cut edge and the lines follow the moving laser beam.To combat this, reducing the feed rate at the end of the cutting process can largely eliminate line formation.